Posted: July 27th, 2022

Validation of a new measure known as the Inner Resources Measure

Validation of a new measure known as the Inner Resources Measure (short form) and to see in what way there is an association between work-related burnout and the predictor variables: Inner Strength Measure, Autonomy, Work Engagement (UWES), Emotional Intelligence (TEIQ), Work-Life Balance(WLB).

Instructions

This is overall idea of structure of introduction section of the research:

“First part – IRM explain what are we perceiving of IRM, a brief review of resilience and persistence issue. Resilience has been around (a couple of citations) and nothing more to prove that resilience was related to better health etc. The trick about this IRM from the measures included hardiness, and resilience which have been around for a while which more like coping-type tools for seeking support. This one is unique as it includes emotional self-efficiency and self-healing. The uniqueness of this model is the more you emotionally self-efficient, the more you can manage for example your anxiety, the propensity to worry and how to take care of yourself and comfort yourself which could make you more resilient. Literature about proactive coping not reactive coping not an emotional reaction but steps to avoid. Recent reading coping and managing emotions.

Here the aim to further validate measure in applied setting which is never done before, plus with a short measure, with those threats.

Part two–One of the top threats to workers’ well-being is burnout. Define what is burnout (a couple of references) and what are the consequences of burnout. Maslach was obviously first to define it….. emotional exhaustion, cognitive overload/ brain fog which is damaging and leads to lots of absence at work (days, months or years). Revisit the issue of burnout, looking at contemporary issues, particularly of WLB relevant because of the pandemic which had a big impact on some people. Some people were taken away from work and may feel less engaged. Now is good time to look at burnout at the current climate.

And then includes the following independent variables brief description for example WLB For example poor WLB known leads to very high work turnover again burnout (reference it) very useful during the pandemic even non-google scholar. Go on about WE which is related to workers’ motivation if take away WE and motivation you end up with depression”.

 

I tried to structure it that way but it’s still need to restructuring and definitely cutting down word limit to 2250-2300 max. The underlined sentences need rephrasing and structured grammatically correct. Yellow highlighted words and sentences are original texts or words that I could not paraphrase it or put it next to a sentence to see the original sentences if I ended up loosing the meaning. All the changes please, show in red colour text so I can see what it has been done. Red text in capslock is feedback from the suvervisor so please, try revise it accordingly.

Also, ignore the Abstract section for now and it is not part of word limit of 2250-2300.

 

This is the reference list if needed,  its not complete list but the majority of references/ in text citations should be there.

References

Aburn, G., Gott, M., & Hoare, K. (2016). What is resilience? An Integrative Review of the empirical literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(5), 980–1000. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12888

Anasori, E., Bayighomog, S. W., & Tanova, C. (2019). Workplace bullying, psychological distress, resilience, mindfulness, and emotional exhaustion. The Service Industries Journal, 40(1–2), 65–89. https://doi.org/10.1080/02642069.2019.1589456

Aroian, K. J., & Norris, A. E. (2000). Resilience, Stress, and Depression among Russian Immigrants to Israel. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 22(1), 54–67. https://doi.org/10.1177/01939450022044269

Barber, L. K., Conlin, A. L., & Santuzzi, A. M. (2019). Workplace telepressure and work–life balance outcomes: The role of work recovery experiences. Stress and Health, 35(3), 350–362. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.2864

Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 879–889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006

de Cieri, H., Holmes, B., Abbott, J., & Pettit, T. (2005). Achievements and challenges for work/life balance strategies in Australian organizations. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16(1), 90–103. https://doi.org/10.1080/0958519042000295966

de la Fuente, J., Santos, F. H., Garzón-Umerenkova, A., Fadda, S., Solinas, G., & Pignata, S. (2021). Cross-Sectional Study of Resilience, Positivity and Coping Strategies as Predictors of Engagement-Burnout in Undergraduate Students: Implications for Prevention and Treatment in Mental Well-Being. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.596453

Earvolino-Ramirez, M. (2007). Resilience: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, 42(2), 73–82. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2007.00070.x

FELDT, T., RANTANEN, J., HYVÖNEN, K., MÄKIKANGAS, A., HUHTALA, M., PIHLAJASAARI, P., & KINNUNEN, U. (2014). The 9-item Bergen Burnout Inventory: Factorial Validity Across Organizations and Measurements of Longitudinal Data. Industrial Health, 52(2), 102–112. https://doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2013-0059

Fotiadis, A., Abdulrahman, K., & Spyridou, A. (2019). The Mediating Roles of Psychological Autonomy, Competence and Relatedness on Work-Life Balance and Well-Being. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01267

Gragnano, A., Simbula, S., & Miglioretti, M. (2020). Work–Life Balance: Weighing the Importance of Work–Family and Work–Health Balance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3), 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030907

Grzywacz, J. G., & Marks, N. F. (2000). Reconceptualizing the work–family interface: An ecological perspective on the correlates of positive and negative spillover between work and family. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 111–126. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.5.1.111

Higgins, C., Duxbury, L., & Johnson, K. L. (2000). Part-time work for women: Does it really help balance work and family? Human Resource Management, 39(1), 17–32.

Kim, B., Liu, L., Ishikawa, H., & Park, S. H. (2019). Relationships between social support, job autonomy, job satisfaction, and burnout among care workers in long-term care facilities in Hawaii. Educational Gerontology, 45(1), 57–68. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2019.1580938

Langelaan, S., Bakker, A. B., van Doornen, L. J., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and work engagement: Do individual differences make a difference? Personality and Individual Differences, 40(3), 521–532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.009

LAZAR, I., OSOIAN, C., & RATIU, P. (2010). The Role of Work-Life Balance Practices in Order to Improve Organizational Performance. EUROPEAN RESEARCH STUDIES JOURNAL, XIII(Issue 1), 201–214. https://doi.org/10.35808/ersj/267

Luthans, K. W., Lebsack, S. A., & Lebsack, R. R. (2008). Positivity in healthcare: relation of optimism to performance. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 22(2), 178–188. https://doi.org/10.1108/14777260810876330

Malik, P., & Garg, P. (2017). Learning organization and work engagement: the mediating role of employee resilience. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 31(8), 1071–1094. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1396549

Maricuțoiu, L. P., Sulea, C., & Iancu, A. (2017). Work engagement or burnout: Which comes first? A meta-analysis of longitudinal evidence. Burnout Research, 5, 35–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burn.2017.05.001

Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U., & Ruokolainen, M. (2007). Job demands and resources as antecedents of work engagement: A longitudinal study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70(1), 149–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2006.09.002

Salmela-Aro, K., Rantanen, J., Hyvönen, K., Tilleman, K., & Feldt, T. (2010). Bergen Burnout Inventory: reliability and validity among Finnish and Estonian managers. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 84(6), 635–645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-010-0594-3

Schaufeli, W. B. (2003). Past performance and future perspectives of burnout research. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4). https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v29i4.127

Schwarzer, R., & Knoll, N. (2003). (n.d.). Positive coping: Mastering demands and searching for meaning.

Searle, B. J., & Lee, L. (2015). Proactive coping as a personal resource in the expanded job demands–resources model. International Journal of Stress Management, 22(1), 46–69. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038439

Waldspurger Robb, W. J. (2006). Self-Healing: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, 41(2), 60–77. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2006.00040.x

Wayne, J. H., Butts, M. M., Casper, W. J., & Allen, T. D. (2016). In Search of Balance: A Conceptual and Empirical Integration of Multiple Meanings of Work-Family Balance. Personnel Psychology, 70(1), 167–210. https://doi.org/10.1111/peps.12132

Wilson Van Voorhis, C. R., & Morgan, B. L. (2007). Understanding Power and Rules of Thumb for Determining Sample Sizes. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 3(2), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.20982/tqmp.03.2.p043

Windle, G. (2010). What is resilience? A review and concept analysis. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 21(2), 152–169. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0959259810000420

Winslow, S. (2005). Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Parenthood, 1977–1997. Journal of Family Issues, 26(6), 727–755. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513×05277522

 

References

Aburn, G., Gott, M., & Hoare, K. (2016). What is resilience? An Integrative Review of the empirical literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(5), 980–1000. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12888

Anasori, E., Bayighomog, S. W., & Tanova, C. (2019). Workplace bullying, psychological distress, resilience, mindfulness, and emotional exhaustion. The Service Industries Journal, 40(1–2), 65–89. https://doi.org/10.1080/02642069.2019.1589456

Aroian, K. J., & Norris, A. E. (2000). Resilience, Stress, and Depression among Russian Immigrants to Israel. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 22(1), 54–67. https://doi.org/10.1177/01939450022044269

Barber, L. K., Conlin, A. L., & Santuzzi, A. M. (2019). Workplace telepressure and work–life balance outcomes: The role of work recovery experiences. Stress and Health, 35(3), 350–362. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.2864

Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 879–889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006

de Cieri, H., Holmes, B., Abbott, J., & Pettit, T. (2005). Achievements and challenges for work/life balance strategies in Australian organizations. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16(1), 90–103. https://doi.org/10.1080/0958519042000295966

de la Fuente, J., Santos, F. H., Garzón-Umerenkova, A., Fadda, S., Solinas, G., & Pignata, S. (2021). Cross-Sectional Study of Resilience, Positivity and Coping Strategies as Predictors of Engagement-Burnout in Undergraduate Students: Implications for Prevention and Treatment in Mental Well-Being. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.596453

Earvolino-Ramirez, M. (2007). Resilience: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, 42(2), 73–82. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2007.00070.x

FELDT, T., RANTANEN, J., HYVÖNEN, K., MÄKIKANGAS, A., HUHTALA, M., PIHLAJASAARI, P., & KINNUNEN, U. (2014). The 9-item Bergen Burnout Inventory: Factorial Validity Across Organizations and Measurements of Longitudinal Data. Industrial Health, 52(2), 102–112. https://doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2013-0059

Fotiadis, A., Abdulrahman, K., & Spyridou, A. (2019). The Mediating Roles of Psychological Autonomy, Competence and Relatedness on Work-Life Balance and Well-Being. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01267

Gragnano, A., Simbula, S., & Miglioretti, M. (2020). Work–Life Balance: Weighing the Importance of Work–Family and Work–Health Balance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3), 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030907

Grzywacz, J. G., & Marks, N. F. (2000). Reconceptualizing the work–family interface: An ecological perspective on the correlates of positive and negative spillover between work and family. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 111–126. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.5.1.111

Higgins, C., Duxbury, L., & Johnson, K. L. (2000). Part-time work for women: Does it really help balance work and family? Human Resource Management, 39(1), 17–32.

Kim, B., Liu, L., Ishikawa, H., & Park, S. H. (2019). Relationships between social support, job autonomy, job satisfaction, and burnout among care workers in long-term care facilities in Hawaii. Educational Gerontology, 45(1), 57–68. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2019.1580938

Langelaan, S., Bakker, A. B., van Doornen, L. J., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and work engagement: Do individual differences make a difference? Personality and Individual Differences, 40(3), 521–532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.009

LAZAR, I., OSOIAN, C., & RATIU, P. (2010). The Role of Work-Life Balance Practices in Order to Improve Organizational Performance. EUROPEAN RESEARCH STUDIES JOURNAL, XIII(Issue 1), 201–214. https://doi.org/10.35808/ersj/267

Luthans, K. W., Lebsack, S. A., & Lebsack, R. R. (2008). Positivity in healthcare: relation of optimism to performance. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 22(2), 178–188. https://doi.org/10.1108/14777260810876330

Malik, P., & Garg, P. (2017). Learning organization and work engagement: the mediating role of employee resilience. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 31(8), 1071–1094. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1396549

Maricuțoiu, L. P., Sulea, C., & Iancu, A. (2017). Work engagement or burnout: Which comes first? A meta-analysis of longitudinal evidence. Burnout Research, 5, 35–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burn.2017.05.001

Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U., & Ruokolainen, M. (2007). Job demands and resources as antecedents of work engagement: A longitudinal study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70(1), 149–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2006.09.002

Salmela-Aro, K., Rantanen, J., Hyvönen, K., Tilleman, K., & Feldt, T. (2010). Bergen Burnout Inventory: reliability and validity among Finnish and Estonian managers. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 84(6), 635–645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-010-0594-3

Schaufeli, W. B. (2003). Past performance and future perspectives of burnout research. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(4). https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v29i4.127

Schwarzer, R., & Knoll, N. (2003). (n.d.). Positive coping: Mastering demands and searching for meaning.

Searle, B. J., & Lee, L. (2015). Proactive coping as a personal resource in the expanded job demands–resources model. International Journal of Stress Management, 22(1), 46–69. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038439

Waldspurger Robb, W. J. (2006). Self-Healing: A Concept Analysis. Nursing Forum, 41(2), 60–77. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2006.00040.x

Wayne, J. H., Butts, M. M., Casper, W. J., & Allen, T. D. (2016). In Search of Balance: A Conceptual and Empirical Integration of Multiple Meanings of Work-Family Balance. Personnel Psychology, 70(1), 167–210. https://doi.org/10.1111/peps.12132

Wilson Van Voorhis, C. R., & Morgan, B. L. (2007). Understanding Power and Rules of Thumb for Determining Sample Sizes. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 3(2), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.20982/tqmp.03.2.p043

Windle, G. (2010). What is resilience? A review and concept analysis. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 21(2), 152–169. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0959259810000420

Winslow, S. (2005). Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Parenthood, 1977–1997. Journal of Family Issues, 26(6), 727–755. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513×05277522

 

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