Posted: July 19th, 2022

This assignment asks you to examine the relationship between GDP per capita and age structure of populations for different countries.




Coursework Assessment Brief


Module Code: UMED8J-15-1

Module Title: Statistics and Data Management    

Assessment Component: Coursework Component

Assessment Weighting: 50% per cent of total module mark

N.B. all times are 24-hour clock, current local time (at time of submission) in the UK


Assessment Instructions

One of the “Global Issues” of the United Nations is Ageing:

“The world’s population is ageing. Virtually every country in the world is experiencing growth in the number and proportion of older persons in their population.

Population ageing is poised to become one of the most significant social transformations of the twenty-first century, with implications for nearly all sectors of society, including labour and financial markets, the demand for goods and services, such as housing, transportation and social protection, as well as family structures and intergenerational ties.” (United Nations, 2022,

Your task is to study whether the income of countries is related to the phenomenon of ageing population, by using data from 2020 on variables GDP_2020 (GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) in 2020), Age14_2020 (Population between the ages 0 to 14 as a percentage of the total population in 2020) and Age65_2020 (Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population in 2020) of the provided data set on Blackboard.

This assignment asks you to examine the relationship between GDP per capita and age structure of populations for different countries.

Specifically, using data on “GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)”, “Population ages 0-14 (% of total population)” and “Population ages 65 and above (% of total population)” (Data source: World Bank) you are required to:

  1. Give a brief overview of the topic.
  2. Analyse the data using descriptive statistics and different graphs for all three variables individually: GDP per capita, proportion of young people in population and proportion of old people in population.
  3. Compute correlation coefficients between GDP and age proportion. Plot scatter diagrams of GDP and age proportion.
  4. Discuss the results, including an evaluation of the question whether higher-income countries have more or less elderly citizens than lower-income countries and anything else you notice.
  5. Analyse whether the relationship between income and age structure has changed over the last 30 years.

The above should be presented in a statistics report of no more than 1,500 words, including an introduction and conclusion, with any relevant references collected in a bibliography.

Marking Criteria

The following criteria will be used in evaluating this assessment:

  • Ability to compute descriptive statistics and to produce graphics using Excel (30%)
  • Ability to correctly interpret statistical results (30%)
  • Ability to critically evaluate a statistical result and suggest ways to improve it (20%)
  • Ability to present results: clarity of writing, referencing and style (20%)

In particular, we will look out for the following elements:

  • Structured your report, including introduction and conclusion
  • Included suitable descriptive statistics
  • Discussed relevant information from the descriptive statistics
  • Included suitable graphics
  • Discussed relevant information from the graphics
  • Interpreted the correlation coefficient/scatter diagram
  • Made relevant comment on the research question
  • Given some references to demonstrate research
  • Mentioned weaknesses or possible improvements of the analysis

Formative feedback and support during the module

Formative feedback provides opportunities to reflect on your ongoing work and preparation for your assignment. This will take place in workshop/tutorial sessions in which your lecturer will be able to give you one-on-one feedback.



Please use the following file format: doc or docx.  Do not use open office (i.e. odt) and do not submit the assignment using the Microsoft Edge browser.  This often results in a blank submission due to a glitch with Blackboard.


The first page of your coursework must include:

  • Your student Number
  • The module Name and Number
  • Your word Count


Word Limit

The maximum word limit for this coursework is 1,500.

  • There is no +/- 10% on word count and anything after the maximum word count will not be marked, in line with UWE Bristol’s Word Count Policy.
  • In line with UWE policy, this word count includes everything in the main body of the text (including headings, citations, quotes, lists, etc.).
  • The tables, bibliography and footnotes (provided footnotes only include references) are NOT included in this word count.

Referencing and Assessment Offences

Please ensure you reference all sources used when developing your assessment, using the UWE Harvard system. Failure to properly reference your work to original source material can be grounds for the assessment offence of plagiarism and may result in failure of the assessment or more serious implications. Further guidance on correct referencing is available on UWE’s Study Skills referencing pages.

UWE’s Assessment Offences Policy outlines potential offences and it is your responsibility to understand this policy and avoid potential offences. Details of what constitutes plagiarism and how to avoid it can be found on UWE’s Study Skills pages about avoiding plagiarism.

Text-matching software (e.g. SafeAssign) is used to check every submission against other submissions made at the same time, previous submissions to UWE and other universities, and internet sources. We may also manually search for matches. When submitting your work, you will be required to confirm that the work is your own.

It is an assessment offence to:

  • copy work from any source, including your own previous assessments, and present it as your own work for this assessment, or to provide your own work to others
  • to work with others on the assessment in any way, or for anyone to make amends on your work (including proofreaders, who may highlight issues but not edit the work)
  • change individual words but keep, essentially, the same sentences and/or structures from other sources: this will be detected by text-matching software. Please write in your own words and style to convey your own learning.


Instructions for submission

You must submit your assignment before the stated deadline by electronic submission through Blackboard. Notification that the electronic submission portal is open for your assignment is displayed (usually two weeks before the submission date) in the Coursework tab in Blackboard.

Please allow sufficient time to upload your assignment, as the system becomes busier and slower as the deadline approaches. Only your final upload will be counted. Ensure all your information is submitted at one attempt to avoid overwriting your intended submission. Always check and retain your receipts.

Late submission in the 24 hours following the deadline will be accepted but the assignment mark will be capped at a pass. Submissions after 24 hours will not be accepted. For full guidance on online submission through Blackboard, see UWE’s Academic Advice pages on Assignments.

Submissions of coursework by any other method (including a paper copy, on disk or by email) are NOT permissible for this module unless specifically agreed in advance of the submission date.

Before submitting your work, please ensure that:

  • You have proof read you work thoroughly to ensure your work is presented appropriately
  • You have addressed all the required elements of the assessment
  • You have referenced in accordance with the guidance provided
  • You have addressed each of the marking criterion
  • The submission is in the correct format


If you are struggling to meet the deadline :

  • This assessment has a three day grace period in which students can submit their work without penalty. While students are expected to plan their work so that they are not impacted by minor illness or delay, if you experience difficulties which affect your ability to submit your work at the published deadline the University allows a three day grace period in which you can submit your work without penalty for this type of assessment. Please note that the submission deadline at the conclusion of the three day grace period is absolute and based on UWE server time, therefore you are strongly advised to submit work well ahead of the deadline dates to avoid your work not being accepted for marking. For full information please see; Assessment support options – Academic information | UWE Bristol

Final feedback and marks release

Students will normally receive marks and feedback on their submission within 20 working days of the submission deadline (not including public holidays or university closure days). Any delay in returning students’ work will be communicated by the module leader via Blackboard.

Feedback on this module is not limited to the written comments you will receive on individual written assessment submissions.

Feedback and marks for this module will be available by 29/04/2022.

For further guidance on feedback, please refer to the module handbook.

Further guidance and support

There are a number of sources of support to improve your study skills, including:


For further guidance on UWE assessment regulations and terminology see UWE’s Academic Advice pages.


Personal Circumstances

If you are experiencing difficulties in completing a piece of assessment on time due to unexpected circumstances (for example illness, accident, bereavement), seek advice from a Student Support Adviser at the earliest opportunity. Appointments can be made via an Information Point or online via the Student Support Pages.

Student Support Advisers can advise as to whether you should submit an application for ‘Personal Circumstances (PCs)’, how to do so and what evidence is required to support the application. Further details on PCs can be found on the Student Support Pages.

The module leader cannot grant personal circumstances or extensions.


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